European integration is a process which includes economic, political, legal, social and cultural integration of states wholly or partially in Europe and it
03 Haziran 2010, 00:48
European integration is a process which includes economic, political, legal, social and cultural integration of states wholly or partially in Europe and it provides a lot of advantages ranging from Free Trade Area to Charter of Fundamental Rights to member states and their citizens. However, Eurosceptics disagree with this approach saying that “European integration is a mistake, indeed it is impossible”. In Malcolm’s words:
Those who are in favor of Europe-that is, those who favor increasing the freedom and prosperity
of all who live on the European continent-should view the creation of this hugely artificial political entity with a mixture of alarm and dismay.
Euroscepticism initially appeared as a distinctively English phenemenon which became a significant element for the policies of British Conservative Parties, then the Labour Parties and some trade unionist who thought that this membership would prevent socialism, but then the potential of Euroscepticism grew and this trend spreaded increasingly in all Europe. We can define this kind of Euroscepticism as party-based Euroscepticism because “Euroscepticism plays and increasingly significant and controversial role in West European party politics”.
Party-based Euroscepticism is based on a model of Euroscepticism as the politics of opposition,
where patterns of competition shape the translation of the European question into party politics
and party-based Euroscepticism is therefore a product of parties’ strategic choices in the light of
survival, ideology, organisation and the pursuit of office. This means that it cannot be understood outside the context of the party system, i.e. patterned interaction between political parties that compete for office or to influence policy.
 Ronald Tiersky, Euroskepticism: A Reader (Lanham, Maryland: Rawman&Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2001), p.1.
 Robert Harmsen&Menno Spiering, Euroscepticism: Party Politics,National Identity and European Integration (The Netherlands: Editions Radopi B.V., 2004), p.13.
 Nick Sitter: (2002) “Opposing Europe:Euro-scepticism, Opposition and Party Competition”,Sussex European Institute, [online], accessed on 27/10/2009, available at http://www.sussex.ac.uk/sei/documents/wp56.pdf